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国内天然气需求放缓 降价有望提振消费

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年07月16日 08:02:22
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(  新)(华)(网)(上)(海)(12月)(3日)(电)((记)(者)(刘)(雪)()今)(年)(以)(来)(,国)(内)(天)(然)(气)(市)(场)(整)(体)(不)(景)(气)(,需)(求)(不)(振)(导)(致)(产)(量)(和)(进)(口)(量)(随)(之)(下)(滑)(。这)(一)(方)(面)(与)(国)(际)(大)(环)(境)(的)(变)(化)(有)(关)(,另)(一)(方)(面)(受)(到)(国)(内)(气)(价)(调)(整)(滞)(后)(、替)(代)(能)(源)(冲)(击)(等)(因)(素)(影)(响)(。专)(家)(预)(计)(,伴)(随)(着)(冬)(季)(取)(暖)(用)(气)(需)(求)(不)(断)(增)(加)(,再)(加)(上)(气)(价)(下)(调)(的)(刺)(激)(,后)(期)(我)(国)(天)(然)(气)(消)(费)(有)(望)(走)(出)(低)(谷)(。  国)(家)(发)(展)(和)(改)(革)(委)(员)(会)(最)(新)(披)(露)(的)(行)(业)(统)(计)(数)(据)(显)(示)(,10月)(份)(我)(国)(天)(然)(气)(消)(费)(量)(145亿)(立)(方)(米)(,增)(长)(4.0%;1月)(-10月)(消)(费)(量)(1465亿)(立)(方)(米)(,增)(长)(2.7%。与)(去)(年)(同)(期)(增)(速)(相)(比)(,单)(月)(消)(费)(增)(速)(下)(降)(4.5个)(百)(分)(点)(,累)(计)(消)(费)(增)(速)(下)(降)(4.4个)(百)(分)(点)(。  由)(于)(消)(费)(步)(入)(低)(谷)(期)(,我)(国)(天)(然)(气)(进)(口)(也)(表)(现)(出)(明)(显)(放)(缓)(态)(势)(。数)(据)(显)(示)(,今)(年)(10月)(我)(国)(天)(然)(气)(进)(口)(量)(为)(44亿)(立)(方)(米)(,同)(比)(下)(降)(4.8%;而)(去)(年)(同)(期)(进)(口)(增)(速)(高)(达)(19.4%。今)(年)(1月)(-10月)(我)(国)(天)(然)(气)(进)(口)(量)(482亿)(立)(方)(米)(,同)(比)(增)(长)(2.6%,去)(年)(同)(期)(增)(速)(为)(10.2%。  中)(国)(社)(会)(科)(学)(院)(世)(界)(经)(济)(与)(政)(治)(研)(究)(所)(研)(究)(员)(徐)(小)(杰)(说)(,从)(外)(部)(大)(环)(境)(来)(看)(,全)(球)(业)(界)(对)(天)(然)(气)(的)(认)(识)(在)(发)(生)(改)(变)(,从)(去)(年)(开)(始)(全)(球)(天)(然)(气)(需)(求)(开)(始)(放)(缓)(。由)(于)(页)(岩)(气)(的)(示)(范)(作)(用)(,天)(然)(气)(的)(黄)(金)(时)(代)(在)(美)(国)(实)(现)(了)(。但)(其)(他)(国)(家)(很)(难)(像)(美)(国)(一)(样)(获)(得)(价)(格)(低)(廉)(的)(天)(然)(气)(。  从)(内)(因)(来)(看)(,以)(前)(我)(国)(天)(然)(气)(产)(业)(发)(展)(的)(着)(眼)(点)(主)(要)(在)(供)(应)(侧)(,比)(如)(陆)(上)(资)(源)(开)(发)(、海)(外)(资)(源)(进)(口)(。而)(在)(需)(求)(侧)(,天)(然)(气)(市)(场)(发)(育)(程)(度)(滞)(后)(,在)(很)(多)(应)(用)(领)(域)(,缺)(乏)(经)(济)(性)(竞)(争)(优)(势)(。另)(外)(,由)(于)(去)(年)(下)(半)(年)(以)(来)(国)(际)(油)(价)(大)(跌)(,传)(导)(至)(国)(内)(油)(品)(价)(格)(大)(幅)(下)(滑)(。液)(化)(石)(油)(气)(等)(与)(石)(油)(相)(关)(的)(品)(种)(对)(天)(然)(气)(市)(场)(形)(成)(了)(“逆)(替)(代)(”的)(冲)(击)(。  值)(得)(欣)(慰)(的)(是)(,自)(2015年)(11月)(20日)(起)(,我)(国)(将)(非)(居)(民)(用)(气)(最)(高)(门)(站)(价)(格)(每)(立)(方)(米)(降)(低)(0.7元)(,并)(进)(一)(步)(提)(高)(天)(然)(气)(价)(格)(市)(场)(化)(程)(度)(。这)(为)(国)(内)(天)(然)(气)(消)(费)(市)(场)(注)(入)(了)(“强)(心)(剂)(”。  记)(者)(从)(上)(海)(石)(油)(天)(然)(气)(交)(易)(中)(心)(获)(悉)(,天)(然)(气)(降)(价)(令)(执)(行)(的)(第)(一)(天)((11月)(20日)(),上)(海)(石)(油)(天)(然)(气)(交)(易)(中)(心)(PNG(管)(道)(天)(然)(气)()成)(交)(均)(价)(为)(每)(立)(方)(米)(2.0451元)(,比)(前)(一)(天)((11月)(19日)()均)(价)(降)(低)(了)(0.4677元)(。  根)(据)(上)(海)(石)(油)(天)(然)(气)(交)(易)(中)(心)(发)(布)(数)(据)(,在)(降)(价)(令)(执)(行)(前)(,交)(易)(中)(心)(的)(PNG成)(交)(均)(价)(普)(遍)(维)(持)(在)(每)(立)(方)(米)(2.5元)(以)(上)(,其)(中)(在)(11月)(13日)(价)(格)(一)(度)(达)(到)(每)(立)(方)(米)(2.7元)(。而)(在)(降)(价)(令)(执)(行)(后)(,PNG成)(交)(均)(价)(大)(多)(在)(每)(立)(方)(米)(2元)(以)(下)(,其)(中)(11月)(30日)(成)(交)(价)(降)(每)(立)(方)(米)(至)(1.7553元)(。  安)(迅)(思)(分)(析)(师)(孙)(雪)(莲)(表)(示)(,气)(价)(一)(直)(是)(影)(响)(天)(然)(气)(发)(电)(经)(济)(性)(的)(重)(要)(因)(素)(。此)(次)(非)(居)(民)(用)(天)(然)(气)(价)(格)(下)(调)(幅)(度)(之)(大)(将)(一)(定)(程)(度)(缓)(解)(其)(成)(本)(压)(力)(,刺)(激)(天)(然)(气)(发)(电)(需)(求)(的)(增)(长)(。  “面)(对)(环)(保)(的)(压)(力)(,我)(国)(大)(力)(发)(展)(天)(然)(气)(的)(愿)(景)(没)(有)(改)(变)(。”国)(家)(能)(源)(局)(油)(气)(司)(副)(司)(长)(杨)(雷)(表)(示)(,虽)(然)(现)(在)(天)(然)(气)(产)(业)(形)(势)(不)(乐)(观)(,但)(只)(是)(阶)(段)(性)(的)(,未)(来)(产)(业)(前)(景)(仍)(是)(光)(明)(的)(。目)(前)(,我)(国)(人)(均)(天)(然)(气)(消)(费)(量)(只)(有)(国)(际)(平)(均)(水)(平)(的)(30%。天)(然)(气)(在)(一)(次)(能)(源)(结)(构)(中)(的)(占)(比)(不)(足)(6%,而)(全)(球)(平)(均)(水)(平)(是)(24%。  杨)(雷)(认)(为)(,应)(进)(一)(步)(探)(索)(提)(升)(天)(然)(气)(这)(类)(清)(洁)(能)(源)(的)(利)(用)(效)(率)(。比)(如)(天)(然)(气)(发)(电)(的)(利)(用)(效)(率)(只)(有)(50%左)(右)(,而)(通)(过)(分)(布)(式)(能)(源)(的)(方)(式)(,天)(然)(气)(的)(利)(用)(效)(率)(可)(以)(达)(到)(70%-80%。  作)(者)(:刘)(雪)(
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